The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek will have a exhibition about the end of the German colony of Tsingtao and about life in the Japanese prisoner-of-war camps from 9 May – 25 June 2014. The documents are all from the personal papers of Hermann Neukamp (1927-1987), who lived in Tsingtao for a long time and over decades compiled a comprehensive collection about the history of the former colony.
The port of Tsingtao (Qingdao) formed the centre of the German leased territory Kiaochow (Jiaozhou) on the north-eastern coast of China, which formed part of the German Reich since 1898. Within just a few weeks following the outbreak of the first world war, the colony was conquered by Japan, that had entered the war as an ally of Great Britain and had been interested in the strategically favourably situated bay of Kiaochow for a long time. A total of around 5,000 soldiers and civilians were taken as prisoners of war by Japan.